Natural environment

The operational area of KEFAG Zrt covers Bács-Kiskun county, where forest management activities are carried out in mosaic-like forests on 650 thousand hectares. One-tenth of these forests are situated within protected natural areas, where conservation is a priority, including the maintenance and restoration of natural forest conditions.

From a forestry management perspective, our management area has the worst ecological and natural features in Hungary. Most of the area is very dry, covered by calcareous, wind-drifted sand. The surface is fragmented and hilly with rich geological formations.

Water is scarce and precipitation does not balance water evaporation. The climate is continental, therefore droughts, late frosts and northwest March winds are frequent.

Several assessments have been carried out to find solutions to these problems. In the sand-ridge area of the Danube-Tisza Interfluve, 83% of the area which is potentially suitable for afforestation, is situated on free-drainage sites, which means that only 350-550 mm of precipitation is available to the plants and its distribution is unfavourable. 84% of afforestation is carried out on humous sand soils with mid-deep, deep tilth and low productivity.

The dominant species are Scots and Austrian pines at 49%. 25% of the species are poplars and 22% is black locust. 4% of the species are oak and other hardwood and softwood deciduous tree species. A large portion of the current forest is the result of previous decades’ of afforestation. 85% of the managed forests are less than 40 years old.
Genetic soil types and depth of soil based on a 1998 afforestation project soil analysis of Bács-Kiskun county (based on 20% sampling)

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