Successful forestation and reforestation requires propagation material of high genetic value and outstanding quality, which we produce both for our own uses and for external customers.
Our Centre for the Cultivation of Forest Progeny is an important background institute for the creation of propagation material. In the designation, renewal and enlargement of seed resources, we take into account the progressively drying climate and select drought tolerant, healthy and resistant mother trees and stands.
The Centre for the Cultivation of Forest Progeny became involved with gene conservation of endangered forest species in 1997, at the request of the Forestry Committee of Botanical Genebank. As part of this national undertaking, we agreed to work on gene conservation of the protected wild pear (Pyrus piraster) and white poplar (Populus alba). Since 1998, we have selected more than 100 white poplar plus-trees and saved nearly 40 genotypes in the ex-situ forestry gene bank at Csalános. In 2005, we began a conservation program for black poplars (Populus nigra) found within the Danube-Tisza Interfluve, as well as establishing an Austrian pine (Pinus nigra) seed-crop for dry and extremely dry sites with the selection of healthy, resistant trees.
In 2002, approximately 200 hectares of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia), managed by KEFAG Zrt, were qualified to be seed-crop stands by the National Institute for Agricultural Quality Control.
Seed resource registration occurred in 2004, in accordance with regulation No. 110/2003. (X. 21.) of the Ministry of Agriculture.
| Qualified seed resources
|Tree species||Seed-crop||Tree seed orchard
|Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)|| 232.5 ha
|Austrian pine (Pinus nigra)|| 65.2 ha
|Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris)|| 65.9 ha
| Black cherry (Prunus serotina)
|Wild cherry (Prunus avium)||-